Human Rights

About Human Rights Research Group

Horizontal Human Rights Law Revisited

Horizontal human rights law remains an intriguing matter of domestic, comparative, and international law. While much has been written on the different models of horizontality and the approaches to human rights and private law within certain jurisdictions, this research group will inquire into the law and politics behind the choices of following direct or indirect horizontality, or, as the case may be, of sticking with the vertical approach to human rights. Another aim of the research group is to examine the types of judicial remedies that make horizontal application effective. In particular, are jurisdictions that embrace horizontal application aligned with the actual competences and capabilities of their judiciaries? On the international level, debates on horizontal human rights law have experienced new momentum since the adoption of the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights by the UN Human Rights Council, in 2011. Moreover, private regulation is also increasingly manifesting itself via the articulation of codes of conduct and other non-binding standards on fundamental rights between private actors. The research group will also analyze whether these developments have contributed to the judicial protection of international human rights law among private actors, or whether compliance with these informal norms is becoming more a matter of naming, shaming, and business strategy.

Group Publications

Human Rights Group Paper 2014

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Human Rights Group Paper 2015

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Human Rights Group Paper 2016

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Group Members

Adam
Adam Shinar
Co-convenor
Dr. Adam Shinar is an assistant professor at the Radzyner Law School in IDC Herzliya. He has an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School, where he also served as the Clark Byse Fellow. He also holds an LL.B. from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and an LL.M. from Harvard Law School. He clerked for the President of the Israeli Supreme Court, Aharon Barak, and worked as an attorney for several human rights NGOs in Israel and India. He specializes in constitutional law and theory, administrative law, and labor law.
Alejandro
Alejandro Rodiles Bretón
Profesor de tiempo completo

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Tracy Gutuza
Tracy Gutuza
Associate Professor in the Department of Commercial Law
After obtaining her LLB in 1995, Tracy completed her articles and was admitted as an attorney in 1997. Thereafter she worked as a legal advisor and, in 2003 she joined the law faculty as a lecturer. After a short absence from the law faculty and employment at the South African Revenue Service, she rejoined the faculty in March 2015. She is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Commercial Law and is involved in the teaching of both undergraduate and postgraduate law students, in the areas of tax and finance law. Her research interests are in the areas of business law, tax law, finance law, international tax law and legal education. Her PHD thesis focused on the methods used to relieve international double taxation in South African domestic legislation and tax treaties entered into by South Africa. See more.
Anton Kok
Anton Kok
Prof Anton Kok holds the degrees BCom (Law) LLB LLM LLD (Pret).  After completing his articles of clerkship at Deneys Reitz Inc (now Norton Rose Fulbright), Sandton, Anton was appointed senior lecturer to the Department of Legal History, Comparative Law and Legal Philosophy (now the Department of Jurisprudence) in 1999. He completed his doctorate in March 2008, entitled “A socio-legal analysis of the Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act 4 of 2000”. He was promoted to associate professor in 2010.  He was appointed as the Programme Coordinator for the LLB for 2008 and 2009 and as Deputy Dean of the Faculty in 2010 and as acting dean from January to October 2011.  He was reappointed for a second term as Deputy Dean in 2014. At undergraduate level, Anton has taught Legal Skills, Critical Race and Gender, Introduction to Law, Law and Literature and Human Rights.  He is the coordinator for Essay and Seminar 400.  At postgraduate level he has taught on Discrimination Law in the LLM (Human Rights and Constitutional Practice), LLM (Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa) and the LLM/MPhil (Multi-disciplinary human rights).His main areas of interest are equality legislation, human rights and legal education.
Bertil Emrah
Bertil Emrah Oder
Dean and Professor of Constitutional Law at Koç University Law School
Bertil Emrah Oder is the Dean and Professor of Constitutional Law at Koç University Law School, received her PhD in both public and private law from University of Cologne (Germany). Dr. Oder’s research focuses on comparative constitutional law, European Union law and international human rights law. She is a full member of the Science Academy and has national and international awards for her scholarly achievements. She has been also selected as Henry Morris Lecturer of International and Comparative Law in 2012 by Chicago-Kent College of Law. She has served as international consultant of UN Women and Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and published four books, dozens of articles, editorials and book chapters on various subjects in public law with focus on human rights and judicial review. Fluent in English, German and Turkish, Dr. Oder holds also LLB and MA/LLM degrees from the University of Istanbul and Marmara University (Turkey).
Victor Torre de Silva
Victor Torre de Silva
Professor of Law at IE Law School
Professor of Law at IE Law School and Legal Adviser in the Council of State (Spain) since 1991, and having served as Undersecretary of Defense for the Spanish government for four years, Víctor Torre de Silva is an expert in administrative law, and is also interested in contracts and property law. He has also served as director in the board of several companies, including the Spanish railways company, the Spanish ports authority and “Construcciones Aeronáuticas, S.A.” (today part of EADS), and has been chief of staff of the Speaker of Spanish Parliament (Congreso de los Diputados). He received the Isabel la Católica Great Cross by royal decree in May 2004. In the course of his career he has had numerous articles and research works published in specialised journals, including Revista de Administración Pública (Spanish public sector journal) and Revista Española de Derecho Administrativo (Spanish administrative law journal). Professor Torre de Silva’s research projects include a thesis undertaken at Harvard on regulatory agencies.
Lior Zemer
Lior Zemer
Visiting Associate Professor at Boston University School of Law
Lior Zemer joined the Radzyner School of Law in 2006. Before his PhD studies and after his LL.B Lior completed two Masters’ degrees. A Master degree at Oxford University (with distinction) and LL.M (magna cum laude) from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Dr. Zemer is a Visiting Associate Professor at Boston University School of Law. He previously taught at the faculties of law in Leicester and Birmingham, UK, and Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Toronto. Prior to joining legal academia he served as the assistant lawyer to Judge J.D. Cooke at the European Court of First Instance and Judge S. von Bahr at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. Dr. Zemer's research interests include Intellectual property law and policy, jurisprudence, international and European law.
Nadezhda (Nadya) Purtova
Nadezhda (Nadya) Purtova
Assistant Professor at Tilburg Institute for Law
Nadezhda (Nadya) Purtova (LLM, Central European University; MSc, Leiden University; PhD cum laude, Tilburg University) is Assistant Professor at Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology and Society. Her research interests include comparative data protection and information privacy law and property law, as well as economics of data protection law. Her doctoral dissertation ‘Property rights in personal data: a European perspective’ (Tilburg Best Doctoral Dissertation Award) is published by Kluwer Law International. In the past years, Nadya was also involved in research on privacy and safety aspects of eHealth, privacy of health data, and economic analysis of data protection law.